When it comes to adding a little extra flavor to your favorite dishes, few ingredients can rival the umami-rich taste of Parmesan cheese. However, with so many different varieties available on the market, it can be difficult to know which one is truly the best. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of Parmesan cheese available and help you choose the perfect one for your next meal.

What is Parmesan Cheese?

Parmesan cheese is a hard, granular cheese that originated in Italy. It’s made from cow’s milk and has a distinct nutty flavor that pairs well with pasta dishes, soups, salads, and even popcorn. True Parmesan cheese is made with strict regulations in place to ensure that it meets certain standards of quality.

Types of Parmesan Cheese

There are several different types of Parmesan cheese available on the market today. Here are some of the most popular varieties:

  • Parmigiano Reggiano: This is considered by many to be the gold standard when it comes to Parmesan cheese. It’s made in a specific region of Italy using traditional methods and strict guidelines for aging and production.
  • Parmesan: This term is often used interchangeably with “Parmigiano Reggiano,” but technically speaking, it refers to any hard Italian cheese that has been aged for at least 10 months.
  • Grana Padano: This variety is similar to Parmigiano Reggiano but is produced in a different region of Italy.

    It has a slightly milder flavor than its more famous counterpart.

  • Pecorino Romano: While not technically a type of Parmesan cheese, Pecorino Romano is another hard Italian cheese that can be used as a substitute. It’s made from sheep’s milk and has a sharp, salty flavor.

Choosing the Best Parmesan Cheese

When it comes to choosing the best Parmesan cheese, it really comes down to personal preference. If you’re looking for the most authentic and high-quality option, Parmigiano Reggiano is your best bet. However, if you’re on a budget or prefer a milder flavor, other varieties like Parmesan or Grana Padano may be more suitable.

When shopping for Parmesan cheese, look for options that are labeled “Parmigiano Reggiano” or “Parmesan” to ensure that you’re getting a genuine product. Avoid pre-grated options, as these often contain fillers that can dilute the flavor.

Using Parmesan Cheese in Your Recipes

Parmesan cheese can be used in a wide variety of recipes, from classic pasta dishes to soups and stews. It’s also delicious when grated over roasted vegetables or used as a topping for popcorn.

To get the most flavor out of your Parmesan cheese, try grating it fresh rather than using pre-grated options. This will help preserve the nutty flavor and ensure that your dish has a rich, savory taste.


Whether you prefer traditional Parmigiano Reggiano or opt for a milder variety like Grana Padano, there’s no denying the unique flavor profile that Parmesan cheese brings to any meal. By choosing high-quality options and using it in creative ways in your cooking, you can take your dishes to the next level of deliciousness.