When it comes to Parmesan cheese, there are a few key factors that determine what is considered the best. From its origin to its aging process, these characteristics play a significant role in the quality and flavor of this beloved Italian cheese.


The best Parmesan cheese, also known as Parmigiano Reggiano, hails from specific regions in Italy. It is produced in the provinces of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna, and Mantua. These areas have the ideal climate and soil conditions that contribute to the unique taste and texture of this cheese.

Aging Process

The aging process is another crucial factor in determining the quality of Parmesan cheese. Authentic Parmigiano Reggiano must be aged for a minimum of 12 months, but many consider cheeses aged for 24 or even 36 months to be superior in taste and texture.

During this aging period, the cheese develops a granular texture with small crunchy crystals known as tyrosine. The longer the cheese ages, the more intense and complex its flavor becomes.

Production Method

The traditional production method is yet another aspect that sets apart the best Parmesan cheese. The production follows strict regulations that have been in place for centuries.

The milk used for making Parmigiano Reggiano must come from cows fed with local grasses and hay without any additives or silage. The artisanal production involves natural rennet derived from calves’ stomachs along with unpasteurized milk.


The craftsmanship involved in making Parmesan cheese is what truly makes it outstanding. Skilled artisans carefully follow age-old techniques passed down through generations to create this remarkable product.

The cheese undergoes a delicate process of curdling, molding, and brining. It is then aged in traditional wooden barrels, allowing it to develop its distinctive flavor profile.

Flavor and Aroma

Now let’s talk about the flavor and aroma of the best Parmesan cheese. It has a rich, nutty taste with savory undertones. The long aging process contributes to its unique flavor profile, which intensifies as it matures.

The aroma of Parmigiano Reggiano is also noteworthy. It exudes a pleasant fragrance that can range from fruity to slightly floral.


One of the reasons why Parmesan cheese is considered the best is its versatility in culinary applications. From grating it over pasta dishes to using it as a key ingredient in sauces and soups, Parmigiano Reggiano adds depth and complexity to various recipes.

Closing Thoughts

In conclusion, the best Parmesan cheese is characterized by its origin in specific regions of Italy, an extended aging process, adherence to traditional production methods, skilled craftsmanship, exceptional flavor and aroma, and its versatile nature in cooking.

Whether you’re enjoying a simple pasta dish or creating an elaborate gourmet meal, choosing the best Parmesan cheese will undoubtedly elevate your culinary experience.