What’s the Difference Between Parmesan and Romano Cheese?

When it comes to Italian cuisine, two types of cheese that often take the spotlight are Parmesan and Romano. While they may seem similar at first glance, there are distinct differences between these two popular cheeses. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, flavors, and uses of Parmesan and Romano cheese.

1. Origin and History

Parmesan cheese, also known as Parmigiano-Reggiano, has its origins in the Parma region of Italy.

It is believed to date back to the 13th century. On the other hand, Romano cheese traces its roots to ancient Rome and is thought to have been a staple in Roman cuisine.

2. Cheese Making Process


The production of Parmesan involves using cow’s milk that is partially skimmed.

The milk is heated and mixed with rennet to coagulate it into curds. The curds are then cut into small pieces and cooked at a specific temperature. After cooking, they are molded into large wheels and aged for a minimum of 12 months.


Romano cheese is typically made from sheep’s milk or a combination of sheep’s and cow’s milk. The process involves coagulating the milk with rennet, cutting the curds, draining off the whey, and transferring them to molds. It is aged for at least 5 months.

3. Flavor Profile


Parmesan cheese has a rich, nutty flavor with hints of sweetness.

It has a granular texture and can be crumbly when aged. The longer it is aged, the more intense and complex its flavors become.


Romano cheese has a sharp, tangy flavor with a slightly salty taste. It is typically drier and harder in texture compared to Parmesan. The aging process contributes to its robust flavor.

4. Culinary Uses


  • Grated Parmesan is a popular topping for pasta dishes such as spaghetti, lasagna, and risotto.
  • It is used in salads, soups, and sauces to add depth of flavor.
  • When melted, it forms a crispy crust on dishes like chicken parmesan.


  • Romano cheese is often grated over pasta dishes like carbonara or cacio e pepe to add a bold flavor.
  • It pairs well with hearty vegetables like broccoli or cauliflower.
  • Its sharpness makes it an excellent choice for grating over salads or soups.

5. Regional Differences

Parmesan cheese produced in Italy must meet strict standards set by the Consorzio del Formaggio Parmigiano-Reggiano.

It can only be made in specific regions using specific methods and ingredients. However, outside of Italy, similar types of cheese are produced under different names like “Parmesan” or “Parmigiano. “

Romano cheese varies regionally as well. Pecorino Romano is the most common type of Romano cheese found outside of Italy. It is made predominantly from sheep’s milk and has a slightly different flavor compared to traditional Romano.

In conclusion,

While Parmesan and Romano cheese share some similarities, they have distinct characteristics, flavors, and culinary uses. Parmesan is known for its nutty flavor and granular texture, while Romano offers a sharper taste. Both cheeses have their unique place in Italian cuisine, adding depth and richness to various dishes.