If you are a cheese lover, then you must have heard of Mozzarella Cheese. It is a soft, mild, and creamy cheese that is used in various dishes such as pizza, lasagna, and many more.

But have you ever wondered what type of milk is used to make this delicious cheese? In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about the milk used to make Mozzarella Cheese.

What Is Mozzarella Cheese?

Mozzarella Cheese is an Italian cheese made from the milk of domestic Italian water buffalo or cows. It has a smooth texture and a mild taste that makes it perfect for melting. This cheese originated in Italy but is now produced all over the world.

What Type of Milk Is Used to Make Mozzarella Cheese?

Traditionally, Mozzarella Cheese was made from the milk of water buffalo. However, due to its high cost and low availability, cow’s milk has become the most common type of milk used for making this cheese worldwide.

Cow’s Milk

Cow’s milk contains two types of proteins – casein and whey protein. The casein protein in cow’s milk is responsible for forming the curd during the cheese-making process. The whey protein is removed during the process as it has no role in forming the curd.

Water Buffalo Milk

Water buffalo milk has a higher fat content than cow’s milk, which makes it ideal for making Mozzarella Cheese. The higher fat content results in a creamier and richer flavor compared to cow’s milk.

The Process of Making Mozzarella Cheese

The process of making Mozzarella Cheese involves several steps:

  • Heating: The milk is heated to around 90°F.
  • Addition of Rennet: Rennet is added to the milk to form curds.
  • Curds Formation: The milk is left to stand so that the curds can form. This takes around 10-12 hours.
  • Cutting and Draining: The curd is cut into small pieces and drained of any remaining whey.
  • Stretching and Shaping: The curd is then stretched and shaped into Mozzarella Cheese.


In conclusion, both cow’s milk and water buffalo milk can be used to make Mozzarella Cheese. However, cow’s milk has become the most common type of milk used worldwide due to its availability and cost-effectiveness. Understanding the type of milk used in your favorite cheese can help you appreciate it even more!