If you’re a fan of Italian cuisine, then you’ve probably heard of Parmesan cheese. This cheese is a staple ingredient in many Italian dishes, such as pasta, pizza, and risotto.

However, if you’re not from Italy or don’t speak Italian, you may be wondering what Parmesan cheese is called in English. In this article, we’ll explore the answer to this question and delve into the history and characteristics of this beloved cheese.

What Is Parmesan Cheese?

Parmesan cheese is a hard, granular cheese that originated in Italy. It’s made from cow’s milk and has a pale yellow color and a nutty, slightly sweet flavor. The cheese is typically aged for at least 12 months before it’s ready to eat.

What Is Parmesan Cheese Called in English?

Parmesan cheese is called Parmesan in English. However, it’s important to note that the term “Parmesan” is actually a protected designation of origin (PDO) under European Union law. This means that only cheeses produced in certain regions of Italy can legally be called Parmesan.

In the United States, Parmesan cheese is also known as “Parmigiano-Reggiano,” which refers to the two regions in Italy where the cheese can legally be produced – Parma and Reggio Emilia.

The History of Parmesan Cheese

Parmesan cheese has been produced in Italy for over 800 years. The first records of its production date back to the 13th century in the region of Parma. The production process was refined over time and became standardized by the 16th century.

During this time, Parmesan cheese became an important commodity for trade between Italy and other European countries. It was highly valued for its long shelf life and ability to maintain its flavor during transportation.

Today, Parmesan cheese remains one of Italy’s most important exports, and it’s enjoyed by people all over the world.

The Characteristics of Parmesan Cheese

Parmesan cheese has a number of unique characteristics that make it stand out from other types of cheese. Some of these include:

  • A hard and granular texture
  • A pale yellow color
  • A nutty, slightly sweet flavor
  • A strong aroma
  • A high content of umami, which is a savory taste

These characteristics make Parmesan cheese an ideal ingredient for a wide range of dishes, particularly those that call for a strong flavor.


In conclusion, Parmesan cheese is called Parmesan in English. This hard, granular cheese has been produced in Italy for over 800 years and remains an important part of Italian cuisine today. Whether you’re using it to top off your favorite pasta dish or enjoying it on its own as a snack, Parmesan cheese is sure to delight your taste buds with its unique flavor and texture.