Mozzarella cheese is a popular type of cheese that originated in Italy and is now enjoyed all over the world. It is best known for its delicate and creamy texture, as well as its mild and slightly salty flavor.

But have you ever wondered what genuine mozzarella cheese is made from? In this article, we will explore the answer to this question.

The Origin of Mozzarella Cheese

Mozzarella cheese was first made in Italy, specifically in the region of Campania. It has been around for centuries and was originally made from the milk of water buffalo, which were abundant in the area. However, today cow’s milk is also used to make mozzarella cheese.

The Ingredients

The two main ingredients used to make genuine mozzarella cheese are milk and rennet. Rennet is an enzyme that helps coagulate the milk, separating it into curds and whey. The curds are then heated until they form a stretchy and elastic texture.


The quality of the milk used to make mozzarella cheese plays a crucial role in determining its flavor and texture. Traditionally, water buffalo milk was used because it has a higher fat content than cow’s milk, which results in a creamier flavor and texture. However, cow’s milk is now commonly used to make mozzarella cheese due to its lower cost and wider availability.


Rennet can be derived from animal or vegetable sources; however, animal rennet is traditionally used to make mozzarella cheese. It comes from the stomach lining of young cows or sheep and contains an enzyme called chymosin that helps coagulate the milk.

The Process

Once the ingredients are gathered, it’s time to begin the process of making mozzarella cheese. Here are the main steps involved:

  • Heat the milk to around 32-35°C (90-95°F).
  • Add the rennet to the milk and stir gently for a few seconds.
  • Allow the mixture to sit undisturbed for around 10-15 minutes until it has coagulated into curds and whey.
  • Cut the curd into small cubes and allow it to rest for a few minutes.
  • Heat the curd in hot water until it becomes stretchy and elastic. This process is called “pasta filata”.
  • Knead and stretch the cheese until it forms a smooth and shiny texture.
  • Form the cheese into balls or other shapes.

The Final Product

After going through all of these steps, you will be left with genuine mozzarella cheese that is creamy, slightly salty, and has a delicate flavor. It can be enjoyed on its own as a snack or used as an ingredient in various dishes such as pizza, lasagna, or caprese salad.

In Conclusion

Now that you know what genuine mozzarella cheese is made from, you can appreciate its unique flavor and texture even more. Whether you prefer your mozzarella cheese made from water buffalo milk or cow’s milk, there’s no denying that it’s one of the most beloved types of cheese in the world.