When it comes to choosing healthier cheese options, provolone and mozzarella are two popular choices. Both cheeses have their own unique characteristics and flavors, but which one is actually healthier? Let’s dive into the nutritional profiles of both cheeses to find out.

The Basics: Provolone vs Mozzarella

Provolone and mozzarella are both types of Italian cheese that originated in different regions of Italy. They are both semi-soft cheeses made from cow’s milk. While mozzarella is known for its mild and creamy flavor, provolone has a more intense and slightly smoky taste.

Nutritional Comparison

When it comes to calories, mozzarella takes the lead with around 70 calories per ounce, whereas provolone has approximately 100 calories per ounce. However, it’s important to note that these values may vary slightly depending on the brand or type of cheese.

Fat Content:

Mozzarella is generally lower in fat compared to provolone. It contains about 5 grams of fat per ounce, with only 3 grams being saturated fat.

On the other hand, provolone has around 8 grams of fat per ounce, with 5 grams being saturated fat. So if you’re looking for a lower-fat option, mozzarella might be your best bet.

Protein Content:

Both mozzarella and provolone are good sources of protein. Mozzarella contains around 6 grams of protein per ounce, while provolone has approximately 7 grams per ounce. Protein is essential for building and repairing tissues in our body and can help keep you feeling full for longer.


If you’re concerned about your calcium intake, both cheeses can be beneficial. Mozzarella contains about 200 milligrams of calcium per ounce, while provolone has slightly less with around 180 milligrams. Calcium is important for maintaining strong bones and teeth.

Other Nutrients

In addition to the nutrients mentioned above, both provolone and mozzarella provide small amounts of other essential vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, vitamin B12, phosphorus, and zinc. However, the exact amounts may vary depending on the specific brand or variety.

Choosing the Healthier Option

Ultimately, when it comes to choosing between provolone and mozzarella in terms of healthiness, there isn’t a clear winner. It all depends on your individual dietary needs and preferences.

If you’re watching your calorie intake or looking for a lower-fat option, mozzarella might be the better choice. On the other hand, if you prefer a more intense flavor or need a slightly higher protein content, provolone could be the way to go.


In conclusion, while there are some differences in terms of calories, fat content, protein, and calcium between provolone and mozzarella cheeses, both can be enjoyed as part of a healthy diet. Remember to consume cheese in moderation as it can still contribute to your overall daily calorie and fat intake.

  • Provolone: Intense flavor with higher fat content
  • Mozzarella: Creamy flavor with lower fat content

So choose whichever cheese suits your taste buds best and enjoy it in moderation for a delicious addition to your meals!