Is Parmesan Cheese Cow’s Milk?

If you’re a cheese lover, you’ve probably come across the delicious and versatile Parmesan cheese. But have you ever wondered where it comes from?

Is Parmesan cheese made from cow’s milk? Let’s dive into the details and uncover the truth!

What is Parmesan Cheese?

Before we answer the main question, let’s understand what Parmesan cheese is. Also known as Parmigiano-Reggiano, it is a hard, aged Italian cheese with a rich and nutty flavor. It originated in Italy and has become popular worldwide due to its unique taste and texture.

Milk Source

The primary source of milk used for making Parmesan cheese is cow’s milk. The milk comes from specific breeds of cows, mainly Holstein-Friesian and Red Reggiana. These cows graze on fresh grass in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, which contributes to the distinctive flavor of Parmesan cheese.

The Process

To craft this delectable cheese, fresh cow’s milk is heated to around 33-35°C (91-95°F). Rennet, an enzyme derived from the stomach lining of young cows, is then added to coagulate the milk. This causes it to separate into solid curds and liquid whey.

The curds are cut into small pieces, stirred, and heated further until they reach a temperature of 55°C (131°F). Next, they are left to settle at the bottom of large vats for about an hour.

Afterwards, these curds are collected using special tools called “spinos” and placed into molds. The molds shape the cheese into its distinctive wheel or block form. The cheese is then pressed to remove any remaining whey.

Aging Process

Once formed, the Parmesan cheese wheels are salted and left to age for a minimum of 12 months. However, many producers age it for up to 36 months or even longer to enhance its flavor and texture. During this aging process, the cheese develops its characteristic granular texture and complex taste.


In conclusion, yes, Parmesan cheese is made from cow’s milk. The milk from specific breeds of cows in Italy serves as the foundation for crafting this iconic cheese. From the initial coagulation to the aging process, every step contributes to its unique taste and texture.

So next time you enjoy a sprinkle of Parmesan on your pasta or salad, you can appreciate the craftsmanship that goes into creating this delicious cheese!