Parmesan cheese is a popular ingredient used in many dishes worldwide. It is a hard, granular cheese that has a rich and nutty flavor.

It is commonly used as a topping for pasta dishes, risottos, and salads. Besides being delicious, it is also believed to have some health benefits. One of the most notable benefits is its potential anti-inflammatory properties.

What is inflammation?

Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury or infection. It involves the immune system’s response to protect the body from harmful stimuli such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants. The process of inflammation can cause redness, swelling, pain, and sometimes heat.

The role of inflammation in diseases

Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development of many chronic diseases such as arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Chronic inflammation can damage tissues and organs over time leading to various complications.

Antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds

Certain foods contain compounds that possess anti-inflammatory properties. These compounds help to reduce inflammation by neutralizing harmful free radicals that cause oxidative stress in the body.

Parmesan cheese contains several antioxidants such as vitamin A and E, which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Additionally, it also contains conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in some studies.

The link between Parmesan cheese and reduced inflammation

A study conducted on rats found that a diet supplemented with Parmesan cheese resulted in lower levels of inflammatory markers compared to a control group that did not receive the supplement. The study suggests that Parmesan cheese may have potent anti-inflammatory effects.

Another study conducted on humans found that consuming Parmesan cheese resulted in lower levels of inflammatory markers compared to consuming other types of cheeses or dairy products.

However, it is essential to note that these studies were conducted on small samples, and more research is needed to establish a definitive link between Parmesan cheese and reduced inflammation in humans.


In conclusion, Parmesan cheese may possess anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of antioxidants and CLA. While there is limited research on the topic, the available studies suggest that consuming Parmesan cheese may help reduce inflammation in the body. However, it is crucial to consume it in moderation as it is also high in calories and sodium.

So next time you are topping your pasta dish with some delicious Parmesan cheese, know that you are not only adding flavor but also potentially reaping some anti-inflammatory benefits.