Lactose intolerance is a common digestive disorder where the body is unable to properly digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and dairy products. This condition can cause uncomfortable symptoms like bloating, gas, and diarrhea when consuming foods that contain lactose. If you are lactose intolerant, you may wonder if you can still enjoy mozzarella cheese, a popular dairy product.

Understanding Lactose Intolerance

Before delving into the question of whether mozzarella cheese is suitable for lactose intolerant individuals, it’s important to understand how lactose intolerance works. Lactose intolerance occurs when the body lacks an enzyme called lactase, which is responsible for breaking down lactose into more easily digestible sugars.

Without enough lactase, undigested lactose passes through the digestive system and can cause discomfort. However, it’s worth noting that the severity of symptoms can vary among individuals with lactose intolerance.

Mozzarella Cheese and Lactose Content

Mozzarella cheese is a type of soft cheese made from cow’s milk or buffalo milk. Like other dairy products, mozzarella cheese naturally contains lactose. However, the amount of lactose in mozzarella cheese is relatively low compared to other cheeses.

During the cheesemaking process, bacteria ferment the lactose in milk into lactic acid. This fermentation helps reduce the lactose content in mozzarella cheese significantly. As a result, many individuals with mild to moderate lactose intolerance find that they can tolerate small amounts of mozzarella cheese without experiencing discomfort.

The Role of Serving Size

When considering whether mozzarella cheese is suitable for those with lactose intolerance, it’s important to consider serving sizes. The amount of lactose consumed plays a significant role in determining whether symptoms will arise.

A small serving of mozzarella cheese, such as a few slices or a sprinkle on top of a dish, generally contains less lactose compared to consuming larger quantities. It’s important to note that tolerance levels can vary among individuals, so it’s advisable to start with small portions and gradually increase if well-tolerated.

Alternative Options for Lactose Intolerant Individuals

If you are lactose intolerant but still want to enjoy cheese-like flavors and textures, there are alternative options available. Many stores offer lactose-free or low-lactose versions of mozzarella cheese.

These alternatives are made by adding lactase enzymes during the cheesemaking process. The enzymes help break down the lactose into simpler sugars, making the cheese easier to digest for those with lactose intolerance.


In conclusion, mozzarella cheese can be suitable for individuals with lactose intolerance, especially in small servings. The natural fermentation process reduces the lactose content in mozzarella cheese compared to other dairy products. However, it’s essential to consider personal tolerance levels and start with small portions.

If you have severe lactose intolerance or are unsure about your tolerance level, it’s always best to consult a healthcare professional or try alternative options like lactose-free mozzarella cheese.