Are you a cheese lover who’s curious about the origin of Parmesan cheese? If you’ve ever wondered whether all Parmesan cheese is made in Italy, this article is for you.

What is Parmesan Cheese?

Parmesan cheese, also known as Parmigiano-Reggiano, is a hard and gritty cow’s milk cheese that originated in Italy. It has a nutty and slightly sweet flavor that complements various dishes such as pasta, pizza, and salads. The production of Parmigiano-Reggiano involves specific procedures and techniques that have been passed down through generations of Italian cheesemakers.

Is All Parmesan Cheese Made in Italy?

While the name “Parmesan” may be associated with Italian cuisine, not all cheeses labeled as “Parmesan” are made in Italy. In fact, some countries such as the United States and Argentina produce their own versions of this popular cheese.

However, it’s worth noting that true “Parmigiano-Reggiano” can only be produced in certain regions of Italy such as Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna to the west of the Reno River and Mantua to the east of the Po River. These are protected geographical indications (PGI) by the European Union which means that only cheeses produced in these areas using traditional methods can legally bear the name “Parmigiano-Reggiano.”

If a cheese is labeled simply as “Parmesan,” it may have been produced outside of these designated regions or not following traditional methods. Therefore, it’s important to read labels carefully if you’re looking for authentic Parmigiano-Reggiano.

How to Identify Authentic Parmigiano-Reggiano

To ensure that you’re getting real Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese made in Italy using traditional methods, look for labels that bear the PGI symbol. This guarantees that the cheese was made in the designated regions of Italy and using specific techniques that have been used for centuries.

Another way to identify authentic Parmigiano-Reggiano is to look at its rind. A genuine Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese will have a hard, granular texture with a natural rind that has the name “Parmigiano-Reggiano” stamped on it.

  • Hard, gritty texture
  • Nutty and slightly sweet flavor
  • PGI symbol on the label
  • Name “Parmigiano-Reggiano” stamped on the rind


While not all cheeses labeled as “Parmesan” are made in Italy, authentic Parmigiano-Reggiano can only be produced in certain regions of Italy using traditional methods. To ensure that you’re getting real Parmigiano-Reggiano, look for labels with the PGI symbol and inspect the rind for the name “Parmigiano-Reggiano.” Now that you know how to identify authentic Parmesan cheese, you can enjoy this delicious Italian staple with confidence.