Parmesan cheese, also known as Parmigiano Reggiano, is a hard, granular cheese that originated in Italy. It is one of the most popular and well-loved cheeses in the world. This article will take you through the process of making Parmesan cheese.

The Ingredients

The first step in making Parmesan cheese is to gather all the necessary ingredients. The main ingredient is milk, which can come from cows that are fed only on grass or a combination of grass and hay. Other ingredients include rennet (an enzyme used to coagulate milk), salt, and whey.

The Process

Step 1: Milk Production

The first step in making Parmesan cheese is to produce high-quality milk from healthy cows. The cows must be well-fed and kept in clean conditions to ensure they produce top-quality milk.

Step 2: Coagulation

Once the milk has been collected, it is heated to around 33-35 degrees Celsius. Rennet is then added to the milk to form curds. The curds are left to rest for around an hour until they solidify and separate from the whey.

Step 3: Cutting the Curd

The curd is then cut into small pieces using special knives or wires. These small pieces are then heated and stirred until they reach a temperature of around 55 degrees Celsius.

Step 4: Shaping the Cheese

Once the curd has been heated and stirred enough, it’s now time for shaping it into specific forms – wheels or blocks – with a weight ranging from 66 pounds (30 kg) up to 88 pounds (40 kg). The cheese is placed into molds that give it its characteristic shape.

Step 5: Salting

After shaping, the cheese is then immersed in a brine solution for a few weeks. This helps to give the cheese its salty taste and also helps to preserve it.

Step 6: Aging

The final step in making Parmesan cheese is aging. The cheese is stored in special rooms with controlled temperature and humidity. The minimum time for aging is 12 months, but some Parmesan cheeses are aged for up to 36 months or more.

The Final Product

When the aging process is complete, the Parmesan cheese is ready for consumption. The cheese has a hard texture and a strong, nutty flavor. It’s commonly used in Italian cuisine as a topping for pasta dishes, salads, and soups.


In conclusion, making Parmesan cheese is a time-consuming process that requires patience and skill. From producing high-quality milk to shaping the cheese into its distinctive form and then aging it to perfection, each step of the process plays an essential role in creating this beloved culinary delight. Whether you enjoy it grated over your favorite pasta dish or simply as an appetizer with a glass of wine, there’s no denying that Parmesan cheese adds depth and flavor to any meal.